Migrant Labour’s Troubled Past Unpacked in Hostels, Homes, Museum by Noëleen Murray and Leslie Witz
New from UCT Press, Hostels, Homes, Museum: Memorialising migrant labour pasts in Lwandle, South Africa, by Noëleen Murray and Leslie Witz:
During the apartheid years in South Africa, hostels and compounds were built to house migrant labourers. One such hostel compound was Lwandle, some 40 kilometres outside Cape Town. Literally translated from isiXhosa as “the sea”, Lwandle was built in sight of the Atlantic Ocean. Conceptualised as a temporary labour camp, it was laid out by town planners and engineers in the form of diagonal, parallel blocks of barracks around a central open space. The lives of the labourers who lived there were regulated and policed through apartheid legislation around population influx control, the pass system and the policy of Coloured Labour Preference.
In the 1990s, as part of the post-apartheid ‘Hostels to Homes’ scheme, such hostels were reconfigured and refurbished into homes for family accommodation. A steering committee in Lwandle decided to preserve one dormitory, block 6, hostel 33, as a museum. Officially opened in May 2000, the primary purpose of the Lwandle Migrant Labour Museum was to serve as a reminder of the system of migrant labour, single-sex hostels and the control of workers through that infamous identity document – the pass book.
This book explores the museum’s makings, the creation of histories through the oral and the visual and the rehabilitation of structures for the museum, ending with the celebration – and discomfort – of the museum’s tenth birthday in 2010. Richly illustrated throughout, the book includes two full colour visual essays by photographers Paul Grendon and Thulani Nxumalo, taken while working with the museum on projects of restoration and collection.
Preface – Come to Lwandle
Chapter One – Dislocation: Making a museum at the seaside
Chapter Two- Rehabilitation: Restoring a migrant labour hostel
Photographic Essay – Dormitory Accommodation by Paul Grendon
Chapter Three – Museumisation: Inventing an institution
Chapter Four – Revisioning: Images, photography and exhibition
Chapter Five – Retelling: From oral histories to textual pasts
Photographic Essay – On the Beach by Thulani Nxumalo
Postscript and conclusion – The End
About the authors
Noëleen Murray is an architect and academic in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at the University of the Western Cape. Her research offers a reading of architecture and urban planning under and after apartheid. She was the principal editor of Desire Lines: Space, Memory and Identity in the Post-apartheid City (2007), published in the Routledge Architext Series.
Leslie Witz is a Professor in the History Department at the University of the Western Cape. His major research centres around how different histories are created and represented in the public domain through memorials, museums, festivals and tourism. His book Apartheid’s Festival: Contesting South Africa’s National Pasts was published by Indiana University Press in 2003.
- Hostels, Homes, Museum: Memorialising migrant labour pasts in Lwandle, South Africa by Noëleen Murray and Leslie Witz
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